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Compulsory Conciliation

Timor-Leste and Australia reach agreement on treaty text reflecting 30 August Comprehensive Package Agreement, 15 October 2017

PCA Announces Breakthrough in Maritime Boundary Conciliation Proceedings, 1 September 2017

Update on Conciliation Proceedings between Timor-Leste and Australia, 9 August 2017

Update on Conciliation Proceedings between Timor-Leste and Australia, 12 June 2017

Update from UN Conciliation Commission following Washington Meetings, 3 April 2017

Trilateral Statement, 24 January 2017

Trilateral Statement, 9 January 2017

Decision on Competence, 19 September 2016

Presentation of the Opening Statement at The Hague, 29 August 2016

Conciliation between The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste and The Commonwealth of Australia, PCA Case Repository, 11 April 2016


Maritime Boundary Agreement between Australia and Indonesia (1972) Download

Timor Gap Treaty between Australia and Indonesia (1989) (not in force) Download

EEZ Agreement between Australia and Indonesia (1997) (signed but not ratified) Download

Timor Sea Treaty between Australia and Timor-Leste (2002) (now amended by CMATS) Download

International Unitisation Agreement between Australia and Timor-Leste (2003) Download

Certain Maritime Arrangements in the Timor Sea (CMATS) Agreement between Australia and Timor-Leste (2006) Download

Treaty between Timor-Leste and Australia establishing their maritime boundaries in the Timor Sea (2018) Download

Timor-Leste Maritime Boundary Map (2018) Download

Further resources

Government of Timor-Leste

International Court of Justice: Questions relating to the Seizure and Detention of Certain Documents and Data (Timor-Leste v Australia)

Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea

Maritime Space Database, containing numerous examples concerning deposits of baselines, national legislation, boundary delimitation agreements etc.

The Prime Minister of East Timor meets with Pope Francis, Rome Reports, 3 March 2016

Presentation by H.E. Ambassador Abel Guterres on behalf of the Government of Timor-Leste, Melbourne, 15 February 2016

Background information on 2004 Australia-New Zealand treaty, Former Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs, 25 July 2004


Significant Progress in Timor Sea Negotiations, Timor Sea Justice Campaign, 2 September 2017, Tom Clarke

Australia and East Timor strike ‘landmark’ deal to end Greater Sunrise dispute, The Sydney Morning Herald, 2 September 2017, Lindsay Murdoch

Australia, East Timor Agree on Maritime Boundary, Wall Street Journal, 2 September 2017, Associated Press

Australia and Timor-Leste strike deal to end maritime boundary dispute, ABC, 3 September 2017, Jane Norman

Maritime deal between Australia, Timor-Leste cautiously welcomed by analysts, SBS World News, 3 September 2017

Australia and Timor-Leste strike deal on maritime boundary disputeThe Guardian, 3 September 2017, Paul Karp

Bridging the Timor Gap, Inside Story, 4 September 2017, Michael Leach

Portuguese Government welcomes maritime border agreement between Timor-Leste and Australia, LUSA, 5 de setembro de 2017

E Timor, Australia agree draft maritime border agreement, Qatar Tribune, 16 October 2017, AFP

Australia, East Timor draft maritime border treaty to end dispute over lucrative oil and gas fields, News Corp Australia, 16 October 2017, AFP

Australia, Timor Leste draw up maritime borders draft treaty to bring end to oil and gas dispute, SBS Wires, 16 October 2017, AFP

Australian spy case dropped by East Timor, The Australian, 25 January 2017, Amanda Hodge

East Timor, Australia set date for new sea border pact, The Strait Times, 25 January 2017,

East Timor dumps spying case against Australia for ‘good faith’ oil, gas boundary talks, The Sydney Morning Herald, 24 January 2017, Daniel Flitton

Australia and East Timor have committed to finding a solution to the dispute over oil and gas fields in the Timor Sea by September this year, news.com.au, 24 January 2017, Paul Osborne

Timor-Leste withdraws spying case against Australia amid new sea border deal, SBS, 24 January 2017, AFP

Australia, Timor Leste set date for new sea border deal, New StraitsTimes, 24 January 2017, AFP

Timor-Leste drops espionage claims against Australia in maritime border dispute, theguardian, 24 January 2017, Ben Doherty

East Timor drops bugging claims against Australia to help resolve maritime border dispute, South China Morning Post, 24 January 2017

East Timor drops its spying case against Australia, ABC, 24 January 2017, Sara Everingham, 24 January

Australia, East Timor aim to agree maritime border by Sept, Reuters, 23 January 2017, Colin Packham and Sonali Paul

Timor-Leste: Boundary treaty renegotiation is in Australia’s interests Lowy Interpreter, 13 January 2017, Steve Bracks

A line in the water, Inside Story, 12 January 2017, Michael Leach

Timor-Leste Seeks a Better Maritime Border with Australia, The Diplomat, 11 January 2017, Grant Wyeth

Australia yields on East Timor ‘oil treaty’, The Australian, 10 January 2017, Victoria Laurie and Amanda Hodge

East Timor tears up oil and gas treaty with Australia after Hague dispute, ABC, 9 January 2017, Henry Belot and Emily Stewart

Australia and Timor-Leste to negotiate permanent maritime boundary, theguardian, 9 January 2017, Ben Doherty

Timor Sea 2006 treaty to be terminated, The Australian Business Review, 9 January 2017, AAP

Australia makes Historic Shift on Timor Sea Boundary, Agrees to Negotiate, Mark Skulley Blog, 9 January 2017, Mark Skulley

Spying fallout: East Timor to tear up oil and gas treaty with Australia, The Age, 9 January 2017, Daniel Flitton

Global Court agrees to take up Timor, Australia sea border row , ABC, 27 September 2016, AFP

Australia fails in attempt to block Timor-Leste maritime boundary case, theguardian, 26 September 2016, Ben Doherty, Reuters and AFP

The Conciliation Commission Concludes First Procedural Meeting, Permanent Court of Arbitration, 29 Jully 2016

Timor-Leste pushes Australia to conciliation, The Saturday Paper, 4 June 2016, Mark Skulley

Jose Ramos Horta: Australia needs to negotiate not litigate with neighbours, The Sydney Morning Herald, 24 April 2016, Jose Ramos-Horta

Interview: Ambassador Abel Guterres, The Diplomat, 20 April 2016, Ben Weir

Contrasting party policies emerge over maritime boundary with East Timor, SBS, 14 April 2016, Hannah Sinclair

Labor vows to end Timor-Leste dispute over Greater Sunrise territory, Australian Financial Review, 11 February 2016, Fleur Anderson

Malcolm Turnbull’s foreign policy hypocrisy on East Timor, Sydney Morning Herald, 25 January 2016, Tom Allard

Oil and Water: Australia blurs the lines with Timor-Leste, The Monthly, December 2015, Mark Aarons

East Timor appealing for Australian public’s support in border dispute, minister says, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 17 November 2015

Timor-Leste’s battle to settle its maritime borders resumes, The Saturday Paper, 12 September 2015, Mark Skulley

Timor Sea policy a challenge for Labor, The Saturday Paper, 11 July 2015, Steve Bracks

Oil, gas and spy games in the Timor Sea, The Monthly, April 2014, Kim McGrath