- Our Boundaries
Timor-Leste tried for many years to negotiate permanent maritime boundaries with Australia. However Australia
withdrew from the binding dispute resolution procedures relating to maritime boundaries, and declined invitations
In April 2016, Timor-Leste initiated the world’s first compulsory conciliation under the United Nations Convention of
the law of the Sea (UNCLOS). Through this process, Australia and Timor-Leste reached agreement on a permanent
maritime boundary and the historic Maritime Boundary Treaty was signed, establishing for the first time, permanent
maritime boundaries in the Timor Sea.
Timor-Leste has now turned its attention to the delimitation of maritime boundaries with Indonesia, and both
countries have agreed to work towards a fair and equitable boundary based on international law.
Map 6: Construction of a median line between Timor-Leste and Australia using the three-stage approach
This website is hosted by the Maritime Boundary Office of the Council for the Final Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries to allow readers to learn more about Timor-Leste’s pursuit of permanent maritime boundaries. The Council for the Final Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries and the Maritime Boundary Office do not accept any legal liability for any reliance placed on any information contained in this website (including external links). The information provided is a summary only and should not be relied upon as legal advice. The information and views expressed in this website and in any linked information do not constitute diplomatic representations and do not limit or otherwise affect the rights of the Council for the Final Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries, the Maritime Boundary Office or the Government of Timor-Leste. The views expressed in any linked information do not necessarily reflect the views of the Council for the Final Delimitation of Maritime Boundaries, the Maritime Boundary Office or the Government of Timor-Leste.
GFM is the acronym for “Gabinete das Fronteiras Marítimas”, which is the Portuguese translation of Maritime Boundary Office.